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Cross-border Crime Colloquium

The Cross-Border Crime Colloquium is an annual event since 1999. It brings together experts on international organised (economic) crime to discuss the latest developments in empirical research, legislation and law enforcement, with a special geographical focus on Western, Central, and Eastern Europe. The Colloquia aim at building bridges in three respects: between East and West Europe, between scholars and practitioners, and between old and young.

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Criminals, Corrupters & Policy
P. Van Duyne, M. Scheinost, G. Antonopoulos, J. Harvey & K. Von Lampe (eds.)
Pages: 436 pages
Shipping Weight: 450 gram
Published: 06-2016
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789462403161

Product Description

In this Cross-border Crime Volume a number of important European criminal narratives have been brought together. The chapters speak of criminal ‘narratives’ having a particular leitmotif around which elements of criminal phenomena are ordered such that a specific meaning can be conveyed. Corruption, organised and economic crime, fraud and money laundering are important themes for narratives about crime in Europe. The phenomenon of corruption has many common elements, which in each country become re-arranged into a national narrative or discourse. At present such narratives on corruption in Eastern Europe are highly relevant, in particular in view of the relationships with the EU. Also the organised crime narrative still has a prominent place in the European crime scene, whether it concerns Russian organised crime or cybercrime, targeting banks as well as individuals. The organisation of fraud and economic crime remains a serious challenge to consumers as well as the business sector. Amidst all these high-level forms of criminal organisation one can also find “traditional” versions of organised lawlessness, for example outlaw motorcycle gangs that continue to capture the imagination of law enforcement and the general public, not only Scandinavia.

 

This fifteenth volume of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium, held once a year at a different locatuion in Europe since 1999, contains the peer reviewed contributions of 18 internationally established and up-coming experts in the field of organised and economic crime, corruption, fraud and money laundering. The chapters are based on original empirical date and critical analysis and provide new insights in these fields, stimulating a critical discourse on criminal phenomena in Europe and beyond.

 

Petrus C. van Duyne, Almir Maljević, Georgios A. Antonopoulos & Jackie Harvey Klaus von Lampe (eds.)
Pages: 374 pages
Shipping Weight: 450 gram
Published: 06-2015
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 978946202287

Product Description

When we look back at the past decades of crime and criminal policy development, a substantial part of which – 15 years – is covered by the Cross-border Crime Colloquium Volumes, one cannot avoid a feeling of relativity: within a lifeti me some moral and criminal issues have changed from ‘threat’ to ‘acceptable’ or the other way round, or are only nominally maintained but their urgency has become diluted or ‘bleached’. One may call this relativity the ‘wink of history’. Naturally much depends on the subject at stake: moral relativity does not always express itself unambiguously as there are so many shades between black and white. The criminological issues of this volume which covers a range of criminal manifestations, from corruption, organised crime in post confl ict regions, cigarette smuggling, money laundering, fraud and their supervisory bodies, can be represented as a kind of ‘relativity parade’, analogous to the Gay Pride Parade. In this volume it is called the ‘Moral Relativity Pride Parade’ and it is this lens through which we address this diversity of subjects. Depicting the elaborated themes as a parade of Moral Relativity Floats with a challenging crew of participants, does not hide the fact that there is also much policy making moral duplicity presented with no tinge of ‘relativity’ but dressed in the cloths of moral rectitude. For example: tough-on-(organised) crime legislation neglecting basic principles of criminal law safeguards; crying wolf against certain forms of organised crime when the real issue is poverty; supervisory structures which look more like a bad marriage relationship between supervisors and the supervised actors than addressing the (money laundering) problem in the real life; or prioritising a concern like EU fraud while installing an European agency as a toothless watchdog.

This fourteenth volume of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium, an institution which stimulates a critical discourse on crime and crime-control in Europe and beyond, contains the peer-reviewed critical and innovative contributions of 23 international experts. The chapters are based on empirical data or critical theorising and highlight new aspects of these fields

Sleaze and shady economy in Europe and beyond
Petrus C. van Duyne, Jackie Harvey, Georgios A. Antonopoulos, Klaus von Lampe, Almir Maljević,Anna Markovska (eds.)
Pages: 414 pages
Shipping Weight: 450 gram
Published: 06-2014
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789462401280

Product Description

Corruption, economic and organised crime continues to affect European society as anywhere in the world. It seeps through every crack of the structures of civil society: whether it concerns trade and industry, the public administration or the governments. This is not an outside threat against which society can defend itself by establishing more defence mechanisms. It originates from within as the driving force  ̶  greed  ̶  is not an outside driver. It manifests itself in perverse reward systems within enterprises, disinterested governments, ill-considered law enforcement policies, greedy power games of authorities, or the still prevalent lenient approach to white collar crime. Within these institutional weaknesses one must always search for actors of flesh and blood: from captains of industry to the street cop; from the power builders in board rooms to the clerk at his desk. At all levels greed satisfaction through corrupt rent seeking contributes to a weakening of our social fabric. 

This is not a very surprising observation. Basically it is the same old song: retrospectively humans remain true to themselves in manifesting the same basic greedy criminal conduct over time and space. One would almost resign to such a tedious story, if it were not for the good message: one always finds counter-movements working against such abuses. Whether and to what extent such counter-movements are coherent and cost-effective is difficult to judge, though all these lofty intentions must be followed with a critical eye. The crime-money hunt has a quarter-century history by now, but the crime-monies still abound; all new EU Member States have Anti Corruption Agencies, but corruption continues to be rampant in those countries; the financial sector has been turned inside out, but old habits have returned.

 

This thirteenth volume of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium, a mainstay in the critical discourse on crime and crime-control in Europe, contains the peer-reviewed contributions of 27 international experts shedding light on the wide range of topics related to greed and crime: corruption, money laundering, underground economy and criminal financial policy. The chapters are based on empirical data or critical theorising and highlight new aspects of this field.

Petrus C. van Duyne, Jackie Harvey, Georgios A. Antonopoulos, Klaus von Lampe, Almir Maljević, Jon Spencer (eds.)
Pages: 450 pages
Shipping Weight: 450 gram
Published: 04-2013
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058509833


Product Description

Organised crime, whether or not in its Transnational manifestation, is usually depicted in huge threatening dimensions. However, despite this sometimes superhuman representation one should not forget that we are dealing with a human phenomenon and, therefore, should not lose sight of the corresponding human dimensions. This also concerns related phenomena such as money laundering and corruption. This forces itself upon us when we look back at the threat images that have been put forward by the authorities as well as the media in the past decades. What threat has come true since, say, 1970 or 1980? We observe still the same (criminal) ‘business as usual’, together with the alleged accumulation of huge amounts of crime-money. However, these threat images are mainly presented from an ‘underworld gaze’ directed at the criminal exploits of hoodlums and thugs, ‘under’ the ‘civilised’ society and often viewed as coming from abroad. Meanwhile the criminal (underworld) markets have not faltered. Despite this continued ‘threat’, the industrialised world grew steadily richer and safer  ̶  up until 2008. Then the effects of enduring massive criminal manipulations in the financial upperworld brought this growing affluence to an inglorious end. 

Corruption is another threat to the fabric of society. Do the anti-corruption policies in countries at the rim of the EU achieve results? There are reasons to believe that most of the policy making effects consist of the façades in a ‘Potemkin village’: a paper world of ratified conventions, enacted laws and ineffective institutions. Most human and most deceptive.

In this eleventh volume of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium series, twenty six European experts present their latest or on-going studies and research findings. The seventeen chapters cover a range of subjects which are of lasting interest for researchers as well as policy-makers: organised crime, criminal finances, money laundering and corruption. They make us aware of the human dimension in misdeeds as well as the related policy making.

 

trafficking in human beings
P. van Duyne, J. Spencer (eds.)
Pages: 260 pages
Shipping Weight: 510 gram
Published: 05-2011
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058506559

Product Description

 

Cross-border mobility of people in Europe continues cause anxiety for the authorities. Their anxiety is heightened when such mobility is the illegal crossing of borders and the exploitation of people, whether that exploitation is sexual, in the construction industry or agriculture. The illegal crossing of borders takes many forms; human trafficking is the most extreme but there are other forms of illegal people movement that include the smuggling of women over borders for exploitation in the sex industry. But many sex workers are not dragged into the sex service industry against their will. For many women it is an economic option of last resort and for others it is a real (temporary) job for which they are prepared to be smuggled across borders, sometimes under dangerous conditions. There are cases of women being smuggled by Bedouins on camels through the desert into Israel. Other women are involved with Bulgarian organised crime syndicates which have connections across European sex lines from the streets in Sofia to top brothels in Berlin and London.

This volume brings together the reports and studies of expert European researchers in the field of human trafficking. It spans a decade of trafficking research and law enforcement activity. This is an important volume because the effects of globalisation are still being felt by those who are forced into debasing working conditions or roam around in the European continent looking for a better existence. This collection provides a window through which to explore their experiences.

 

Petrus C. van Duyne, Georgios A. Antonopoulos, Tom Vander Beken, Jackie Harvey, Almir Maljevic and Klaus von Lampe (Eds.)
Pages: 417 pages
Shipping Weight: 650 gram
Published: 11-2010
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058505774

Product Description

 

Europe is not a quiet province, certainly not in terms of the prevalence of cross-border crime and corruption. As a matter of fact, there is a constant pressure on the integrity of its institutions, whether it concerns the Member States of the European Union or the countries outside this ‘family’, but applying for this coveted membership. This pressure does not only come from the ‘outside’: within the European Union there are also continuous criminal inroads being made on its integrity. This is not a new phenomenon. However, the intensification of cross-border mobility as well as recent complex legislation concerning criminal liability, also cross-border, e.g. for corruption, have changed the landscape and widened the risks of such criminal inroads.  

From trading across the Finnish-Russian border to new candidate countries in Southeast Europe, there are new threats looming. The Balkan countries, standing on the threshold of Europe are still rife with corruption. Within the European Union there are serious doubts about the solidity and efficiency of the institutions which are supposed to counter the threat of ‘organised crime’, corruption or other menaces against the integrity of the financial and economic system and its other interests.

In this tenth volume of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium series these questions have been addressed by twenty four expert European scholars. Their recent or on-going research projects and studies are presented within 16 chapters. This volume provides a number of well-reasoned answers while making the reader aware how many questions still have to be addressed in this field.

 

Petrus C. van Duyne, Stefano Donati, Jackie Harvey, Almir Maljević and Klaus von Lampe (Eds.)
Pages: 406 pages
Shipping Weight: 800 gram
Published: 11-2009
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058504777

Product Description

 

Europe has the image of a slow moving old lady. However, this is a misleading picture. As a matter of fact, the ‘Old Continent’ is bristling with life and mobility, and many fear that much of this is of a criminal nature. This criminal mobility is supposed to be aggravated by the accompanying movement of crime-money. It is true, Europe is ‘on the move’, legally and criminally. But this is all but a new phenomenon. Europe has always been an open space in whichpeople were moving around looking for (illegal) opportunities. This has not changed basically. Some of the wandering luck seekers operate aspredators, looking for objects to steel. Others offer services which areprohibited, either itself or in the way in which they are organised. The oldest of those services being sex. Naturally, the crime-monies from these flexible criminal economic activities have to move too. To block this financial movement an elaborate defence system has been established:the anti-laundering chain of financial ‘fortresses’. In addition to the crime money threat there is the threat of corruption: though the ‘old’ MemberStates of the EU have their corruption affairs too, there is a real concernabout corruption in the new or candidate Member States.

In this ninth volume of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium twenty experts from leading European institutions shed light on the various aspects of crime, money-laundering and criminal mobility in Europe.They present the outcomes of their research projects and the analysis of mobile criminal groups in Europe, the organisation of sex service between Eastern and Western Europe, surprising aspects of the money-laundering regime and corruption in new and candidate Member States. The book deals with these facets of criminal Europe as wellas with the emerging crime in a licit market: abuse and unsafety in thelabour market, the forgotten but largest mobile crime-market in Europe.

 

Cigarette smuggling in Europe
Petrus C. van Duyne and Georgios A. Antonopoulos (eds.)
Pages: 234 pages
Shipping Weight: 510 gram
Published: 11-2009
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9780905850476

Product Description

While the authorities were worrying about the ‘globalisation of organisedcrime’, mainly concerning drugs and human trafficking, a new crime-marketdeveloped: the illegal cigarette trade. As had happened so often in the historyof law enforcement, it was fully created by the authorities themselves by interferingin basic capitalist relationships of customers reacting to prices andtraders to profits. To discourage consumers’ tobacco consumption, the taxeswere heavily increased, creating the illegal profit margin for those who succeeded to dodge this ‘price-wedge’.

It took some time before the EU-authorities discovered that a new market for organising criminals has come into being, allof their own making. The illegal cigarette market is extensive, cross-border, serving more customersthan the whole drug market, and still has attracted the attention of only a handfulexpert researchers who explored this criminal phenomenon in the last decade.

In order to make their innovating research reports, spread over variousother books and professional journals, better available, this special edition of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium brings their publications together. They provide insight into the working of this crime-market: the traffickers, the waysthey organise, the customers, the law enforcement reactions and all this togetherthe shaping of a new crime-market, which is still unfolding dynamically.

 

Extended and Extending Criminal Europe
P. van Duyne et.al.
Pages: 400 pages
Shipping Weight: 450 gram
Published: 07-2008
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058503923

Product Description

While during the last decades the European licit markets expanded unstoppably, so did Europe’s crime-markets. These crime-markets used to be projected against the so-called ‘organised crime’ framework, which seemingly provided some clarity. However, part of this hoped-for clarity was the outcome of an opaque interaction between media, law-enforcement and the crime-entrepreneurs themselves. Integrated into the main crime-market, the agencies of law enforcement and the media formed side-markets of their own. Of course, the radius of the licit market players was fanned by the ‘real’ markets they are fighting: drugs or sexual exploitation and the ubiqui-tous laundering of ill-gotten profits. But was their growth commensurate to the real threat? Indeed, law enforcement side-markets tend to have a capacity to outgrow the underlying crime-markets.

This eighth volume of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium, to which 25 leading experts from nine Member States of the European Union and Serbia contributed, covers various sectors of the European crime-market: human trafficking, cigarette smuggling, money-laundering, the organisation of economiccrime, corruption in the Balkans and whether there are reasons to fear the Yugo- mafia.
In addition, it deals with aspects of the organisations and legislation to fight these phenomena. It also elaborates a creative approach of thinking ahead of criminal market developments: drafting scenarios of criminal developments, which help to design strategic options instead of the usual reactive responses.

Indeed, this eighth Colloquium volume describes aspects of the criminal present while being future oriented.

 

The dirty linen of illicit enterprise
Petrus C. van Duyne, Almir Maljevic, Maarten van Dijck, Klaus von Lampe, Jackie Harvey (Eds.)
Pages: 271 pages
Shipping Weight: 600 gram
Published: 07-2007
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058503053


Product Description

While the European Union is groping for political and economic consolidation, one may wonder whether criminal businesses in and between the Member States are not consolidating as well. Are there indications that the crime-markets in Europe are shrinking? Or has the EU become more attractive for certain manifestations of the criminal economy, for example by increasing taxes for coveted commodities like tobacco? This increased potential criminal profit margin is certainly a stimulus for enterprising criminals. However, this attractiveness should be lowered by the `high-density` laws and regulations drafted to prevent the laundering of illegal profits. Who is attracted to crime-for-profit if these profits cannot be spent safely? Given the ongoing crime trade the prospects of making money by engaging in criminal entrepreneurship apparently have not yet waned.

In this seventh volume of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium, experts from seven Member States of the European Union present their findings and opin-ions concerning the various manifestations of crime-trades and criminal finances in the EU. They present an analysis of the anti-money laundering regulations, the very modest successes in this field, a selecion of the criminal markets in Europe and the related organised crime imagery. The volume also addresses the question whether the legislative responses are really commensurate to the nature of the threats posed by crime-entrepreneurs.

 

Conduct, law and measurement
Petrus C. van Duyne, Almir Maljevic, Maarten van Dijck, Klaus von Lampe, James L. Newell
Pages: 205 pages
Shipping Weight: 450 gram
Published: 07-2006
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058502209


Product Description

Organised crime remains an important policy issue in Europe. Despite this importance, it proves easier to measure the bird flu than a widely feared criminal social phenomenon like organised crime. That is understandable: the phenomon covers a wide range of different forms of ‘getting rich quickly’ by entrepreneurial crime. Also, the lack of conceptual consensus and the poor quality of the data do not facilitate the measurement of organised crime. In addition, the perimeter phenomenon has broadened: money laundering, which has been associated with organised crime from the very beginning, has become a phenomenon of its own with a universal dimension.The increased focus on ill-gotten profits has brought financial and economic crime (by its nature organised) into the orbit of organised crime. In addition, the former USSR satellite states have (or are about to) become full members of the EU.

This increased playground for the organisation of crime is a matter of growing concern.In this sixth volume of the Cross-border Crime Colloquium, experts from eight European countries share their expertise regarding the measurement of organised crime, financial and economic criminality, money laundering, corruption and the Mafia and the organisation of business crime, comparing cartel building, labour subcontracting and cigarette smuggling.

This volume contains contributions from Petrus C. van Duyne, Klaus von Lampe, Maarten van Dijck, Rob Horsnby, Anna Markina, Karen Verpoest, Barbara Vettori, Miroslav Scheinost, Brendan Quirke, Norbert Wagner, Martin Boberg, Uwe Beckmann, Thomas Schulte and James L. Newell.

Managing crime markets in Europe
P.C. van Duyne, K. von Lampe, M. van Dijck & J.L. Newell (eds.)
Pages: 290 pages
Shipping Weight: 600 gram
Published: 07-2005
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058501448

Product Description

In this fifth volume of the European Colloquium Group on Cross-border Crime, experts from the ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Europe bring together their expertise regarding the criminal markets, (organised) crime-entrepeneurs and the vulnerability of trade and industry.They address phenomena concerning the organisation of crime markets, ranging from the traditional drug trafficking, women trading, the organised ‘black’ labour market and licit commodities of consumer products like alcohol and cigarettes. Also the ‘upperworld’, criminal finances, money laundering and related policy, is scrutinised from the perspective: are the problems properly recognised, measured and countered?

Corruption and Terrorism
Duyne, P.C. van ; Jager, M. ; Lampe, K. von ; Newel, J.L.l
Pages: 270 pages
Shipping Weight: 550 gram
Published: 07-2004
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058500779

Product Description

In this fourth volume of the European Colloquium Group on Cross-border Crime, expert researchers from Central and Western Europe critically examine these anxieties, the underlying threats and the feasibility of adequate responses. They raise crucial questions, including: how does the ´management of fear´ operate politically, to what extent are we succesful in delineating and penetrating the underlying phenomena, and are we sufficiently aware of the political costs of current strategies to counter organised crime, corruption and terrorism?

 

Duyne, P.C. van ; Lampe, K. von ; Newell, J.L.
Pages: 215 pages
Shipping Weight: 510 gram
Published: 07-2008
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058500458

Product Description

 

This anthology contains ten papers prepared for the Third Colloquium on Cross-Border Crime, held in Bratislava, Slovakia, at the National Police Academy in October 2001.

Petrus van Duyne provides an introduction. Letizia Paoli presents a study on illegal drug markets in Germany, Italy and Russia. Klaus von Lampe analyzes the structure of criminal enterprises involved in the cigarette black market in Germany. Petrus C. van Duyne assesses the threat emanating from illicit profits. Michael Levi examines the effects of anti-money laundering measures on criminal and terrorist finances. Josef Stieranka reviews anti-money laundering strategies in Slovakia. Vladimir Baloun and Miroslav Scheinost provide an overview of financial crime in the Czech Republic. Jan Vittek discusses preventive measures against economic and financial crime in Slovakia. Matjaz Jager explores how economic concepts can enhance the understanding of corruption. Igor Osyka gives an account of corruption and anti-corruption measures in the Ukraine. Jim Newell explores the historical dimensions of political corruption in Italy.

 

Duyne, P.C. van ; Lampe K. von ; Passas N.
Pages: 206 pages
Shipping Weight: 410 gram
Published: 07-2003
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058500304

Product Description

Crime patterns in Europe are changing rapidly, keeping pace with the rapid expansion in trade and industry and the mobility of goods and people. The smuggling of drugs and other commodities is no longer confined to the shores of the European Union, but extend from Petersburg to the Bosporus. The same applies with the crime-moneys derived from this criminal trade.

This book deals with the most recent topics concerning the dynamics of this cross-border crime: smuggling, economic crime and underground banking in Western and Eastern Europe, against which the European Union designs new legal measures to stem this tide. The contributions are written by Europe`s leading experts in this field.