Energy laws govern the use and taxation of energy, both renewable and non-renewable. These laws are the primary authorities (such as caselaw, statutes, rules, regulations and edicts) related to energy. In contrast, energy policy refers to the policy and politics of energy.

Energy law includes the legal provision for oil, gasoline, and "extraction taxes." The practice of energy law includes contracts for siting, extraction, licenses for the acquisition and ownership rights in oil and gas both under the soil before discovery and after its capture, and adjudication regarding those rights.


Renewable Energy Report

ELSA Research Project

ISBN: 9789462405752

The International Legal Research Group on Renewable Energy is the result of the hard work of many individuals all over the European continent, from law students to our academic supporters from every corner of our part of the earth.

The main aim of the paper was to analyse the renewable energy policies and legislative framework set up by EU Member States and non-EU countries, and ascertain what measures are being taken on the national (and international level). This also allowed for researchers to broaden their knowledge in this vast field of law, as well as hone their legal writing skills; both will prove to be invaluable assets throughout their career.

Research coordinated by: Eva te Dorsthorst, Jake Camilleri, Blanka Hován, Elna Larsson, Olegs Sedjakins, Artem Barabash, Fani Dimoska, Frederik Vahlgren

Publication coordinated by: Sarah Ikast Kristoffersen

Countries involved: Albania, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, the Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom

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Alternatieve gassen en aansprakelijkheid

de Nederlandse gasketen in een geliberaliseerde markt: contractuele en buitencontractuele aansprakelijkheid van groen-gasinvoeding en waterstofbijmenging

D.G. Tempelman

ISBN 9789462403796

Dit proefschrift behandelt de vraag wie aansprakelijk gesteld kan worden voor schade die ontstaat door groen-gasinvoeding en waterstofbijmenging. Allereerst worden de Europese en Nederlandse ontwikkelingen besproken in de gassector, in het bijzonder het proces van Europese marktintegratie en -liberalisatie waarbij de aandacht voornamelijk uitgaat naar het Nederlandse liberaliseringsproces. Als gevolg van het proces van marktliberalisatie is het aantal actoren toegenomen en heeft er een verschuiving van verantwoordelijkheden plaatsgevonden. Deze verantwoordelijkheden liggen deels in de wet verankerd en zitten deels in contracten besloten. Om deze reden worden de wettelijke taken en bevoegdheden en de contractuele relaties besproken. De contracten worden voor zover mogelijk privaatrechtelijk gekwalificeerd en kort inhoudelijk behandeld waarbij de aandacht uitgaat naar de afspraken omtrent aansprakelijkheid. De grondslagen voor de wettelijke aansprakelijkheid worden ook besproken, in het bijzonder de aansprakelijkheid voor gebrekkige zaken, gebrekkige opstallen, gevaarlijke stoffen en gebrekkige producten. Tevens wordt de aansprakelijkheid op grond van onrechtmatige daad behandeld. Om de centrale vraag te beantwoorden is gekozen voor een casusgerichte aanpak en worden twee scenario's geschetst die antwoord geven op de hoofdvraag..

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Renewable Energy Tax Incentives and WTO Law: Irreconcilably Incompatible?

an examination of the WTO-consistency of direct corporate tax incentives for the development of renewable energy
Ni Ghiollarnath, C.
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058506061

Subsidies in the form of tax incentives are and have been a popular policy choice of governments providing financial support for the development and promotion of new technologies. This thesis concentrates on the introduction of direct corporate tax incentives for the development and increased use of renewable energy resources in light of Kyoto Protocol obligations.  

Although tax incentives provided for the development of renewable energy resources can have positive results in light of Kyoto Protocol obligations, the provision of such incentives is not without restrictions. This thesis examines the tenuous relationship between environmental protection, tax and trade by examining whether direct tax incentives currently in place in six countries (Ireland, the UK, the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada and New Zealand) are in line with EU and WTO obligations. 

EU State aid rules restrict the provision of subsidies by Member States and thus the compatibility of the case study tax incentives with the EU legal environment is explored in this thesis. The examination of the WTO rules on subsidies and the consistency of the case study tax incentives with those rules is explored in-depth. In this book, suggestions are made for positive changes to be made to the current WTO legal regime creating room for environmentally-motivated subsidies such as those in place in the case study countries for the development of renewable energy.

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De verschillende gezichten van de energieconsument
Saskia Lavrijssen
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058508607

Publieke belangen en nutssectoren
op weg naar een juridisch afwegingskader
K. Wilkeshuis
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058505668


Basic Documents
C. Tofan
Pages: 490 pages
Shipping Weight: 650 gram
Published: 07-2008
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058870230

Product Description

This publication aims to provide a legal overview on national and international legal regimes on nuclear energy law, required for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, including international trade in nuclear materials and equipment and to address issues of liability and compensation for nuclear damage. It also aims to assist in the development, strengthening and harmonisation of nuclear legislation that is based upon internationally accepted principles for the safe and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

This collection gives a highly valuable collection dissemination of information on nuclear law generally and on topical nuclear law issues.


C. Tofan & W. van der Wolf
Pages: pages
Shipping Weight: 850 gram
Published: 07-2009
Publisher: WLP
Language: NL
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058507440

Product Description

For many years the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) assisted Member States, at their request, in developing their domestic legal arrangements for regulating the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and ionizing radiation, as mandated by the IAEA’s Statute. With the expansion of the uses of nuclear techniques in a variety of fields, more States have come to realize that a well structured legal framework is necessary for meeting the technical and management requirements designed to protect public health, safety and the environment. As a result, the IAEA has received an increasing number of requests from Member States for assistance in drafting or reviewing their nuclear laws.For this reason, it was felt that a reference book on nuclear law could be useful in helping legislators, government officials, technical experts, lawyers, diplomats, users of nuclear technology, the media and the public of Member States to understand these requirements.

The primary audience for this book is expected to be persons in States with a less developed nuclear legislative framework who may be involved or interested in the development of a new law covering nuclear activities. A secondary audience would be persons in States interested in revising or consolidating existing laws so as to make them more consistent and efficient, or persons wishing to add legislation in a technical area (or technical areas) in which recent activity has revealed a deficiency in legal arrangements.Also, this book may be of interest to governments that wish to conform their national legislation to international instruments in the nuclear field. Even States with well developed legal structures may find some benefit in using this book as a means of confirming that all necessary legal issues in the nuclear area have been covered, or at least considered, in the framing of their legislation. In addition, it is expected that this book will be useful for teaching nuclear law, at academic institutions and in technical assistance programmes of the IAEA and of other relevant bodies, both international and national.

Published volumes (prices are per volume):
Vol 1: Basic Documents of Universal and Regional Organizations concerned with the Law of Nuclear Energy (ISBN 978-90-5850-744-0)
Vol 2: The Safe Use of Nuclear Energy (ISBN 978-90-5850-745-7)
Vol 3: The Safety of Nuclear Energy (ISBN 978-90-5850-746-4)
Vol 4: Physical Protections of Nuclear Materials (ISBN 978-90-5850-747-1)
Vol 5: Armed Attacks against Nuclear Installations (ISBN 978-90-5850-748-8)