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GENOCIDE

Genocide is the intentional action to destroy a people—usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group—in whole or in part.  The United Nations Genocide Convention, which was established in 1948, defines genocide as "acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such" including the killing of its members, causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group, deliberately imposing living conditions that seek to "bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part", preventing births, or forcibly transferring children out of the group to another group.

Prominent examples of genocides in history include the Holocaust, the Armenian Genocide, and the Rwandan genocide. The Political Instability Task Force estimated that, between 1956 and 2016, a total of 43 genocides took place, causing the death of about 50 million people. The UNHCR estimated that a further 50 million had been displaced by such episodes of violence up to 2008. The word genocide has also come to signify a value judgment as it is widely considered the epitome of human evil.

Publications:

The Resilience of Rwandan Genocide Survivors of Sexual Violence
Anne-Marie de Brouwer, Sandra Ka Hon Chu, Eef je de Volder & Samer Muscati
Pages: 264 pages
Shipping Weight: 820 gram
Published: 19-0420
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789462406001

Product Description

 

In the 100 days of genocide that ravaged the small East Central African nation of Rwanda between April and July 1994, approximately 1 million Tutsi and moderate Hutu were killed, and an estimated 250,000 to 500,000 women and girls were raped, as well as an unknown number of men and boys. Almost all Rwandan women who survived the genocide were victims of sexual violence or were profoundly affected by it, and an astounding 70 per cent of survivors are living with hiv.

And I Live On features searing testimonials from Rwandan survivors of the genocide15 and 25 years after the horrific events of 1994. Through their narratives and Samer Muscati’s powerful portraits, these women and one man bear witness to the crimes committed in their country and to the suffering they continue to endure. The testimonials also showcase the survivors’ extraordinary strength, courage and resilience—challenging the stigma they face both as survivors of sexual violence and as people living with hiv. In speaking out, they provide a glimpse into the worlds of survivors living with the genocide’s legacy decades after a conflict. Their stories, along with the accompanying text and illustrations, make an indelible impact.

About the authors

Anne-Marie de Brouwer works in the field of international criminal justice, conflict-related sexual violence, human trafficking and victims’ rights at Impact: Center against Human Trafficking and Sexual Violence in Conflict. She is the co-founder of Mukomeze.

Sandra Ka Hon Chu is the Director of Research and Advocacy at the Canadian hiv/aids Legal Network, where she works on hiv-related human rights issues concerning prisons, drug policy, sex work, women and immigration.

Eefje de Volder is an anthropologist and lawyer working in the field of human trafficking, victims’ rights and conflict-related sexual violence at Impact: Center against Human Trafficking and Sexual Violence in Conflict.

Samer Muscati is a Canadian lawyer, documentary photographer and former journalist. As a senior researcher for Human Rights Watch, he focused on women’s rights in conflict zones. He runs the International Human Rights program at University of Toronto’s Faculty of Law.

 

For more information on the project, presentation of the book and events please contact:

impact-now.org

 

REVIEWS OF THE BOOK

“If the designation of survivor resonates over the miserable label of victim, then these lives that persist, strengthen, must continue to speak, loudly.”

Patricia Viseur Sellers, Special Advisor on Gender to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and former Gender Legal Advisor for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

“Graphically, and without doubt, this book makes the case that rape is no lesser a crime than murder.”

Lieutenant-General (ret) The Honorable Roméo Dallaire

“Survivors choose to tell their stories in the hope that others will hear. These searing testimonials of inconsolable anguish and awe-inspiring resilience will change you forever and spark you to act to honour dignity.”

Dr. James Orbinski, former international president of Doctors without Borders/msf and author of An Imperfect Offering


“The survivors of unspeakably brutal sexual violence managed to leave their past in the past. They realized it would destroy their future. With incredible strength they managed to live for what today has to offer, not for what the terrible past has taken away. This book tells us how they returned the smiles to their faces and the hope in their hearts.”

Patrick Cammaert, Assistant Secretary-General, Head of UNMHA


“This book is about moving beyond surviving into becoming victors. It reminds us that while their pain and abuse will remain remarkable, their testimonials and current situation is what resilience and courage mean. This is what the commitment to remember, unite and renew yields.”

Dr. Usta Kaitesi, Acting ceo, Rwanda Governance Board


“And I Live On: The Resilience of Rwandan Genocide Survivors of Sexual Violence is an exemplary contribution to genocide studies and advances public understanding of genocide. It is a distinct contribution to many disciplines including genocide studies, sociology, history, conflict resolution and human rights. The book is also a testament to the editors’ and photographer’s vision of the consequential role we all have in contributing to a more compassionate and just world. Pioneering allies
to survivors, they serve as an example to us all.”

Dr. Kimberley Ducey, Associate Professor, The University of Winnipeg

 

The resilience of a Rwandan woman who survived the genocide
Mama Lambert & Hans Dekkers
Pages: 246 pages
Shipping Weight: 450 gram

First edition 2015
Second edition 2019
ISBN: 9789462402713

Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789462402713

Product Description

 

Upon coming face-to-face with death, Beata escapes its fearsome grasp at the last moment. This hair-raising escape alone justifies the book’s title, ‘For those who do not believe in miracles’, a biography of Beata Mukarubuga.An almost unbelievable tale of the horrors of the genocide that broke out in 1994 in Rwanda, as seen through the eyes of Beata, a Tutsi woman and one of its victims. She was on the run for three months with her one year-old son, Lambert,on her back.She survives the terrible slaughter, but loses everything dear to her. Now shefaces the nearly impossible task of building a new future for herself all alone.But Beata shows amazing resilience, leaves the name ‘Beata’ behind and goes forward in life as Mama Lambert.The reader follows her difficult journey in which forgiveness, reconciliation and strong faith are the healing powers that form the basis for her renewed existence and rightly give the book its title ‘For those who do not believe in miracles.’

Mama Lambert (1952) has been the head of counseling of Solace Ministries in Rwanda since 2002, where she supports genocide survivors in coming to terms with the genocide. She found the courage to resume her studies and in 2015 she successfully completed a university course in theology at the ‘Rwanda Instituteof Evangelical Theology’. Hans Dekkers (1946) from the Netherlands wrote down Mama Lambert’s life story.

 

De veerkracht van een Rwandese vrouw die de genocide overleefde
Mama Lambert & Hans Dekkers
Pages: 267 pages
Shipping Weight: 500 gram
Publisher: WLP
Language: NL
ISBN (softcover) : 9789462402263

Eerste druk 2015
Tweede druk 2016
Derde druk 2017
Vierde gewijzigde druk 2019

Product Description

 

Oog in oog met de dood, ontkomt Beata op het allerlaatste moment aan zijn fatale greep.Deze huiveringwekkende ontsnapping alleen al rechtvaardigt de titel van het boek ‘Voor wie niet in wonderen gelooft’, een biografie over het leven van Beata Mukarubuga. Een bijna ongelooflijk verhaal over de gruwelen van de genocide die in 1994 in Rwanda uitbreekt en waar ook Beata, een Tutsi-vrouw, slachtoffer van wordt. Drie maanden is ze op de vlucht met haar eenjarige zoon Lambert op de rug. Ze overleeft de verschrikkelijke slachtingen, maar verliest alles wat haar lief is.Voor haar ligt nu de schier onmogelijke opgave om in haar eentje aan een nieuwe toekomst te bouwen. Beata toont echter op bewonderenswaardige wijze haar veerkracht, laat de naam Beata achter in het verleden en gaat voortaan als Mama Lambert door het leven.Als lezer volgen we haar moeizame weg naar boven, waarbij vergeving en verzoening, en een sterk geloof de helende krachten zijn die de basis vormen voor haar hernieuwd bestaan en waardoor het boek terecht de titel meekreeg ‘Voor wie niet in wonderen gelooft’.

Mama Lambert (1952) is sinds 2002 hoofd counseling van Solace Ministries in Rwanda waar ze genocide-overlevenden ondersteunt bij de verwerking van de genocide. Ze bracht de moed op om weer te gaan studeren en rondde in 2015 haar universitaire studie theologie aan het ‘Rwanda Institute of Evangelical Theology’ met succes af. De Nederlander Hans Dekkers (1946) tekende haar verhaal op.

 

 

Girmachew Alemu Aneme
Pages: 315 pages
Shipping Weight: 475 gram
Published: 03-2011
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058506443

Product Description

 

In 2000, the International Panel of Eminent Personalities that investigated the genocide in Rwanda concluded that intervention could have saved thousands of lives that perished in less than hundred days. The finding made it clear that Africa as a continent needed to develop in earnest the normative and institutional framework to save the lives of its inhabitants faced with massive crimes. In 2001, African states established the African Union endowed with a right of intervention in side its member states against genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. This book investigates the legality of the African Union’s right of intervention against genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes under international law, critically analyses the constituent elements of the African Union’s right of intervention and elucidates the norms and institutions relevant for its effective implementation. The book uses the Darfur atrocities and the surrounding events to explain the challenges in the application of the African Union’s right of intervention against genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

 

W. van der Wolf, D. de Ruiter (Eds.)
Pages: 437 pages
Shipping Weight: 500 gram
Published: -2011
Publisher: WLP
Language: US
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058870889

Product Description

In 1933 a proposal by Raphael Lemkin on the "crime of barbarity" was brought before the Legal Council of the League of Nations, being the first formal attempt to create a law against genocide. In 1946 the UN adopted resolution 96 confirming the crime of genocide, but it was not until 1948 that a definition of genocide came into being in the Genocide Convention.

It has been through case law that the definition of genocide became more clear. In 2007 the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) noted that the narrow view of `intent to destroy` was the majority opinion among legal scholars. This narrow view included the necessity of biological-physical destruction of groups in order to qualify an act as genocide. It concluded furthermore that both the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Court of Justice (ICJ) agreed to the narrow interpretation. Laying the foundation for the punishment of the crime of genocide, the precise definition of the term remained topic of debate among legal scholars.

This book examines all case law on Genocide from the start of the 20th century to the cases brought before the Tribunals in more recent days.

Genocide on Trail should be mandatory reading for anyone interested in the history of war crimes trails as well as scholars wanting a digest of case-law related to Genocide.