Children’s Rights; Selected documents
E. Hilwig & C. Tofan
Pages: 2 volumes 1500 pages pages
Shipping Weight: 2300 gram
ISBN (hardcover) : 9789058870056
Children are young human beings. As human beings children evidently have a certain moral status. There are things that should not be done to them for the simple reason that they are human. At the same time children are different from adult human beings and it seems reasonable to think that there are things children can not do that adults are permitted to do. In the majority of jurisdictions, for instance, children are not allowed to vote, to marry, to buy alcohol, to have sex, or to engage in paid employment.
What makes children a special case for philosophical consideration is this combination of their humanity and their youth, or, more exactly, what is thought to be associated with their youth. One very obvious way in which the question of what children are entitled to do or to be or to have is raised is by asking, Do children have rights? If so, do they have all the rights that adults have and do they have rights that adults do not have? If they do not have rights how do we ensure that they are treated in the morally right way? Most jurisdictions accord children legal rights. Most countries — though not the United States of America — are also signatories of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child which was first adopted in 1980. The Convention accords to children a wide range of rights including, most centrally, theright to have their ‘best interests’ be ‘a primary consideration’ in all actions concerning them (Article 3), the ‘inherent right to life’ (Article 6), and the right of a child “who is capable of forming his or her own views … to express these views freely in all matters affecting the child” (Article 12) (United Nations 1989).
It is however normal to distinguish between ‘positive’ rights, those that are recognised in law, and ‘moral’ rights,those that are recognised by some moral theory. That children have ‘positive’ rights does not then settle the question of whether they do or should have moral rights. Indeed the idea of children as rights holders has been subject to different kinds of philosophical criticism. At the same time there has been philosophical consideration of what kinds of rights children have if they do have any rights at all. The various debates shed light on both the nature and value of rights, and on the moral status of children.
This publication was created with the aim of getting certain answers to the questions above. It contains a collection of all main international and regional legal instruments pertaining to children.Binding as well as non-binding instruments falling within the fields of public as well as private international law are included.
The main issues pointed out in this book are : the use of children as soldiers; the worst forms of child labour; torture of children by police; police violence against street children; conditions in correctional institutions and orphanages; corporal punishment in schools; mistreatment of refugee and migrant children; trafficking of children for labour and prostitution; discrimination in education because of race, gender, sexual orientation,or HIV/AIDS; and physical and sexual violence against girls and boys.
The publication is made of 2 volumes divided into three parts. In part I documents relating to child rights in general have been reproduced. Part II contains documents relating to specific child rights subdivided according to subject matter. Finally, part III consists of documents adopted by youth. Many international legal instruments, which do not relate specifically to children, contain clauses that relate to children. The relevant excerpts of those instruments are included in parts I and II.
Volume 1 ISBN 9789058870056
Volume 2 ISBN 9789058870057
Note that the price listed is for the set. Single volumes are available upon request.
This book has been published in cooperation with the International Courts Association.