The Iraqi Special Tribunal for Crimes Against Humanity
E. van Heugten (ed.)
Pages: 280 pages
Shipping Weight: 450 gram
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058871312
The U.S.-appointed Iraqi Governing Council approved a statute establishing the Iraqi Special Tribunal for Crimes Against Humanity on December 10, 2003. The Coalition Provisional Authority and the Iraqi Governing Council were replaced by the Iraqi Interim Government on June 28, 2004. Following the Iraqi Transitional National Assembly election on January 30, 2005, the Iraqi Transitional Government was established on May 3, 2005. On August 11, 2005, the Iraqi Transitional National Assembly adopted a new Statute of the Iraqi Special Tribunal, which changed its name to “Higher Criminal Court” and brought its practices more into line with the rest of the Iraqi judicial system. The Iraqi Special Tribunal is designed to prosecute those accused of crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide in Iraq between July 17, 1968, when Saddam Hussein’s Bath Party seized power, and May 1, 2003, when President Bush declared that major combat operations in Iraq were over. The court also has the authority to try several lesser crimes, including the squandering of public funds and attempts to manipulate the judiciary.
Saddam Hussein, both in life and death one of the most controversial prominent leaders of the Arab world. Fiercely loved and hated, his name will be remembered for
“Camp Cropper”, along with 11 other senior Baathist leaders, were handed over legally (though not physically) to the interim Iraqi government to stand trial for crimes against humanity and other offences. A few weeks later, he was charged by the Iraqi Special Tribunal with crimes committed against residents of Dujail in 1982, following
centuries in the history of mankind. His legacy is two‐fold; there are ones that still admire his achievements and leadership with respect, honor and loyalty. However for most others, his legacy symbolizes fear, tyranny and hypocrisy.
On 30 June 2004, Saddam Hussein, held in custody by U.S. forces at the U.S. basea failed assassination attempt against him. Specific charges included the murder of 148 people, torture of women and children and the illegal arrest of 399 others. On 5 November 2006, Saddam Hussein was found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to death by hanging. The verdict and sentencing was appealed but subsequently affirmed by Iraq’s Supreme Court of Appeals. On 30 December 2006, Saddam was hanged.
This book illustrates the work of the tribunal and presentes the cases brought before the court.