International Law and Cyprus
Selected Historical Documents (part I)
J. Gulick, S. Fait, S. Fennell (eds)
Pages: 657 pages
Shipping Weight: 1100 gram
ISBN (softcover) : 9789058500700
The Republic of Cyprus was placed under British Administration in 1878 until it’s independence in 1960 (The Zürich and London Agreements). With these agreements, Cyprus became a consitutional democracy and is now a member of both the UN and the European Union (since 2004). The Republic of Cyprus is recognised internationally as it’s government is considered to be the legitimate government of the whole island. In the years after the recognition of Cyprus as a democracy, inter-communal violence broke out and UN forces were deployed in Cyrpus. An attempted invasion of Cyrpus by Turkey in 1964 was put to an end by the US President Lyndon Johnson. In 1967 Rauf Denktas and Glafkos Klerides tried to negotiate a settlement, which leaded to a temporary relief of the tension between both Parties. However, a coup d’etat of 1974 let to extreme violence between Greek and Turkish Cypriots, resulting in the invasion and occupation by Turkey in July 1974. From that moment on, Turkey controls the Northern Part of the Island.
The North part of the Island is not under effective control of the republic, is recognised by Turkey since 1983 as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TNRC) but not recognised by the international community. UN Security Council Resolution 541 (1983) does not recognise the TNRC as lawfull and called upon Turkey to retreat from Northern Cyrpus. The resolution furthermore called upon others not to support and recognise the TNRC. The last major effort to settle the dispute dates from 2004, when UN Secretary General Kofi Annan tried to negotiate reunification of both sides of the Island. Direct reason to start these negotiation was Cyprus’ upcoming membership of the European Union. This UN Comprehensive Settlement of The Cyprus Problem, known as the ‘Annan (Peace) Plan’, organised referenda in both the NOrth and the South, but gained support of the Turks only, as it was rejected by the Greeks. At present, there is a ceasefire between both parties, even though the United Nations still deploys troups.
The book provides the reader with a selection of historical documents, including the ones mentioned above, providing an overview of the international dispute that is going on for decades.
This book is interesting for does who work on the dispute between Cyprus and Turkey, but also for those who wish to know more about the involvement of the International Community in the Cyprus Conflict.